State Aid Uncovered 2023

State Aid Uncovered presents analysis of the main policy and legal developments in the field of State Aid in 2023.

In March, the Commission adopted the Temporary Crisis and Transition Framework to enable Member States to support undertakings harmed by the effects of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine but also to facilitate the green transition. In June, the General Block Exemption Regulation was revised and prolonged to 31 December 2026. In December, the new de minimis regulation was published. It raised the threshold of de minimis aid to EUR 300,000.

The year was also rich in case law that expanded our understanding of State Aid, brought fresh insights and also a few surprises, expertly explained here by Phedon Nicolaides, Professor at the University of Maastricht and the University of Nicosia, as well as Academic Director at Lexxion Training.

Prof. Nicolaides identifies the major State aid judgments and Commission decisions of the year, as well as new rules and legislation, critically reviewing their most salient features. This book compiles articles originally published weekly on Lexxion’s State Aid Blog. The articles are edited and conveniently grouped into chapters covering the main aspects of the concept and procedures of State aid, Commission guidelines and the role of national courts. Each article presents the main points of a court ruling or Commission decision, places them in the context of similar case law or practice, assesses the underlying reasoning, and identifies any inconsistencies or contradictions. This volume is supplemented with a full index of CJEU and Commission cases.

To find current articles, visit

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