• Publication frequency quarterly
  • approx. 80 pages
  • ISSN 2510‐3148
  • Language: English

CoRe 1/2022 – On the Competition Agenda: Transport, Merger Control, Digital Platforms and Foreign Subsidies

Issue 1/2022 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) is now available! Topics covered in the articles section include: can railway undertakings recover excessive infrastructure charges under Article 102 TFEU; a critical view on the increasingly fragmented and uncertain European merger control; an appraisal of the practices of airport operators and groundhandling; legislative and enforcement trends in the EU and US, aimed at promoting effective competition in digital platform markets; and the proposed Regulation on foreign subsidies distorting the internal market.

We feature country reports with recent developments from the Member States:

  • Austria: Discriminatory Rebates in the Postal Sector
  • Romania: New Digital Paradigm and Market Resilience
  • Sweden: Screening Foreign Direct Investments
  • Switzerland: Control of Abusive Conduct and Antitrust Reforms
  • United Kingdom: The Facebook/GIPHY Merger

Also in CoRe 1/2022, case notes on:


View the whole table of content of CoRe 1/2022: Here

Become an author for CoRe and view our Call for Papers.

Call for Case Notes

The editorial team of CoRe welcomes case note submissions on the following judgments and decisions:

• Order of 16 July 2020, C-883/19 P – HSBC Holdings and Others v Commission
• Judgment of the Court (Fourth Chamber) of 20 January 2021, C-301/19 P – Commission Printeos
• Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 24 November 2020, C-59/19 – Wikingerhof GmbH & Co. KG v Booking.com BV
• Judgment of the Court (Second Chamber) of 25 November 2020, C-823/18 P – Commission v GEA Group
• Judgment of the General Court (Third Chamber) of 27 January 2021, T-691/18 – KPN BV v European Commission


See further cases in the full Call for Case Notes





European Competition and Regulatory Law Review - CoRe

The European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) reports on key legislative developments in the EU and its Member States, and analyses important judgments that shape the field of EU competition and regulatory law, in particular those by the European Courts, international courts and tribunals, and higher national courts.

Topics covered by the journal include:

  • Major ongoing antitrust matters and procedural trends;
  • EU and national antitrust enforcement in network industries;
  • Consultation of procedural and jurisdictional aspects of EU merger control;
  • Tax ruling investigations;
  • Digital Single Market Strategy and competitions rules;
  • Directive 2017/104/EU on antitrust damages actions.

All contributions will be subject to double blind peer-review before acceptance for publication and are required to conform to the author guidelines.

CoRe’s Target Audience

The quarterly addresses everyone who is concerned with competition and regulatory law issues such as academics (in the field of law, political science, social sciences, economics and other relevant research fields), legal practitioners in national and international law firms, government officials working in EU public administration, judges and legal experts in domestic, European and international courts, consultancies, and business people in the EU and beyond.

CoRe’s Structure

Each issue of CoRe will be a balanced mixture of original research articles, first-hand country or thematic policy reports, timely case annotations on important ECJ/GC rulings and other international/national court judgments, book reviews as well as other information material and updates, including opinions, case summaries or event reports.


Managing Editors

Robert Klotz, Sheppard Mullin Richter & Hampton, Brussels
Ben Van Rompuy, Leiden University, Leiden

Case Law Editors

Dimitris Vallindas, Sheppard Mullin Richter & Hampton, Brussels
Silvia Pronk, Bird & Bird LLP, Brussels

Book Reviews Editor

Andriani Kalintiri, London School of Economics and Political Science

Executive Editor

Nelly Stratieva, Lexxion Publisher, Berlin

Editorial Board

Dirk Buschle, Energy Community Secretariat / College of Europe
Caroline Buts, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Adina Claici, College of Europe, Burges and The Brattle Group, Brussels
Wouter Devroe, KU Leuven / Maastricht University / Allen & Overy
Marcel Haag, European Commission, DG Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union
Leigh Hancher, University of Tilburg / Allen & Overy
Alison Jones, King’s College London
Christian Koenig, University of Bonn
Heike Schweitzer, Free University of Berlin
András Tóth, Hungarian Competition Authority
Bernhard von Wendland, European Commission, DG Research and Innovation, Brussels

Country Correspondants & Scientific Advisory Committee

Country Correspondants

Austria Heinrich Kühnert, Dorda Brugger Jordis, Vienna
Belgium Jeroen Dewispelaere, De Bandt, Brussels
Bulgaria Mariya Papazova, PPG Lawyers, Sofia
Croatia Ana Marjančić, Schönherr, Zagreb
Czech Republic Michal Petr, Palacky University, Olomouc
Denmark Erik Kjær-Hansen, Gorrissen Federspiel, Copenhagen
Estonia Martin Mäesalu, Ellex Raidla, Tallinn
Finland Satu-Anneli Kauranen, Merilampi Attorneys Ltd, Helsinki
France Mélissa Nobileau, French Competition Authority, Paris
Germany Carsten König, University of Cologne, Cologne
Greece Andriani Ferti, Karatzas & Partners Law Firm, Athens
Hungary Tihamér Tóth, Dentons LLP, Budapest
Ireland Ronan Dunne, Philip Lee, Dublin
Italy Andrea Mezzetti, Baker & McKenzie, Rome
Lithuania Rita Paukštė, TGS Baltic, Vilnius
Luxembourg Lena Hornkohl, Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law, Luxembourg
Norway Pernille Edh Hasselgård, Hjort, Oslo
Poland Aleksander Stawicky, Wierciński, Kwieciński, Baehr, Warsaw
Portugal Miguel Sousa Ferro, University of Lisbon Law School, Lisbon
Romania Vlad Dan Roman, Romanian Permanent Representation of Romania to the European Union, Brussels
Slovenia Tine Mišic, ODI LLP, Ljubljana
Spain Jerónimo Maillo González-Orús, CEU San Pablo University, Madrid
Sweden Helene Andersson, Stockholm University, Stockholm
Switzerland Philipp Zurkinden, Prager Dreifuss, Bern
The Netherlands Tim Raats, BarentKrans, the Hague
United Kingdom
Kiran Desai, Shoosmiths, Brussels

Scientific Advisory Committee

Dr Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, Bergen Center for Competition Law and Economics, University of Bergen
Dr Baskaran Balasingham, Maastricht University
Dr Rozeta Karova, Energy Community Secretariat
Prof Grith Skovgaard Ølykke, Copenhagen Business School
Dr Marie-Therese Richter, Energy Community Secretariat
Dr Pál Szilágyi, Pázmány Péter Catholic University
Dr Tihamér Tóth, Dentons LLP
Dr Andrea Usai, DG Competition, European Commission

Latest Articles

Issue Article
1/2022 Private Enforcement of Competition Law in Regulated Industries: Can Railway Undertakings Recover Excessive Railway Infrastructure Charges Under Article 102 TFEU?
1/2022 A New Era for European Merger Control: An Increasingly Fragmented and Uncertain Regulatory Landscape
1/2022 Practices of Airport Operators and Groundhandling: A Fresh Appraisal under Article 102 TFEU
1/2022 Effective Competition in Digital Platform Markets:
Legislative and Enforcement Trends in the EU and the US
1/2022 The Proposed Regulation on Foreign Subsidies Distorting the Internal Market: The Way Forward or Dead End?
4/2021 A Single and Continuous Infringement
4/2021 The European Commission’s New Merger Referral Policy: A Creative Reform or an Unnecessary End to ‘Brightline’ Jurisdictional Rules?
4/2021 Killer Acquisitions and Other Forms of Anticompetitive Collaborations (Part II): A Proposal for a New Notification System
3/2021 Killer Acquisitions and Other Forms of Anticompetitive Collaborations (Part I):
3/2021 Beyond the Policy Debate: How to Quantify Sustainability Benefits in Competition Cases
2/2021 The Digital Markets Act: Improving Its Institutional Design
2/2021 Public Procurement as a Safeguard for Competition: The Case of Smart City Services
2/2021 Killer Acquisitions in Digital Markets: Evaluating the Effectiveness of the EU Merger Control Regime
2/2020 Closing the Algorithmic Gap: Rethinking Dynamic Pricing under Articles 101 and 102 TFEU
1/2021 After 19 Years of Complete Oblivion, Are Interim Measures the European Commission’s New Panacea to Enforce Article 102 TFEU in the Digital Age?
4/2020 Right(s) of Defence, Access to the File and Fairness in Competition Procedures: A Reflection on the Judgment of the Court of Justice in Case C‑607/18 P
4/2020 The Legal Effects of EU Competition Soft Law in the Decisions of National Competition Authorities: The Case of the Bundeskartellamt
3/2020 Estimating Reasonable Prices for Access to Digital Platforms’ Data: What Are the Challenges?

6. December 2021

CoRe 4/2021 – Is EU Competition Law Holding Up to Current Challenges?

Issue 4/2021 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) is now online. In this edition, we do a quasi fitness check for EU competition law on a number of pressing topics that keep experts busy. You can read articles on: killer acquisitions and a proposal for a new notification system, the Commission’s new merger referral policy, and an analysis of the current doctrine on single and continuous infringement. Read country reports with the following developments from the Member States: CoRe 4/21 also offers annotations of the General Court’s judgments in: Last but not least, find reviews of the books EU Cartel Law and Economics by Cedric Argenton, Damien Geradin and Andreas Stephan, and Yane Svetiev’s Experimentalist Competition Law and the Regulation of Markets.  

View the whole table of content of CoRe 4/2021: Here Become an author for CoRe and view our Call for Papers.
18. August 2021

CoRe 3/2021 – Implementation of the ECN+ Directive

Issue 3/2021 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) is now available. In this edition, we have a special focus – we offer the first comprehensive overview of the implementation of Directive (EU) 2019/1 (the ECN+ Directive) in all EU Member States that have already transposed it or have published a draft national law. The Reports section is where you will find the analysis of the ECN+ implementation in 23 Member States, as well as a very useful summary of the status quo and trends in the transposition. Beyond this topic, in CoRe 3/2021 you can read articles on: killer acquisitions and other forms of anticompetitive collaborations with a case study on the pharma sector; the application of economic methodologies in quantifying sustainability benefits potentially stemming from an agreement, a merger, or State aid. Read the open access overview and the special country reports on the implementation of the ECN+ Directive in: Austria · Bulgaria · Croatia · Cyprus · Czech Republic · Denmark · Estonia · Finland · France · Germany · Hungary · Italy · Latvia · Lithuania · Luxembourg · Malta · Netherlands · Poland · Portugal · Slovak Republic · Slovenia · Spain · Sweden Find out the possible implications for the Commission’s commitments policy from the annotation on the judgment by the Court of Justice: Case C-132/19 P Groupe Canal +   Also in issue 3/2021 of CoRe, a review of Ariel Ezrachi’s book Competition and Antitrust Law: A Very Short Introduction and the most read post from our CoRe Blog over the last 6 months – ‘Corona and EU Economic Law: Free Movement of Goods’.

View the whole table of content of CoRe 3/2021: Here Become an author for CoRe and view our Call for Papers.
11. June 2021

CoRe 2/2021 – Digital Markets Still Take Centre Stage

Issue 2/2021 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) is now available! This latest edition’s articles section continues to focus on the digital markets, in particular: improving the institutional design of the Digital Markets Act (DSM), the effectiveness of the EU merger rules for ‘killer acquisitions’ in digital markets, a rethink of the dynamic price setting by algorithms, and safeguarding competition through public procurement in the market for smart city services. In the second issue of CoRe for 2021 you can also read country reports on: Get updated on these recent judgments by the Court of Justice: Also in this issue: a review of Viktoria Robertson’s book Competition Law’s Innovation Factor: The Relevant Market in Dynamic Contexts in the EU and the US.

View the whole table of content of CoRe 2 /2021: Here Become an author for CoRe and view our Call for Papers.
12. February 2021

CoRe 1/2021 – Improving EU Rules on Digital Platform Markets

Issue 1/2021 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) is out now! In line with the recent proposals of the European Commission for the Digital Markets Act (DMA), this edition of CoRe also focuses on digital platform markets. In the articles section, you can read about: addressing tacit collusion and the use of online pricing algorithms in gas stations, an overview of the developments that led to the DMA proposal and an analysis of the need for a reform of the merger rules for the digital sector, and  the track record of interim measures decisions at EU and national level and how to make this instrument more effective, part of which might be found within the DMA proposal. In the reports section of CoRe 1/2021 you can find these updates from the EU Member States: Read two annotations on the recent judgments of the Court of Justice:   Completing CoRe’s first issue for 2021 are the book review ofCompetition, Effects and Predictability: Rule of Law and the Economic Approach to Competition’ and the most read post from our CoRe Blog on the Epic v Apple case concerning App Store fees for in-app purchases.  

View the whole table of content of CoRe 1 /2021: Here Become an author for CoRe and view our Call for Papers.
19. November 2020

CoRe 4/2020 out now

CoRe 4/2020 – Competition Law and Sustainability Agreements Issue 4/2020 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) is now available! The European Commission is exploring how competition rules can be adjusted to contribute to the EU’s goals for sustainable development. Find out more on that up-and-coming topic in this issue’s Editorial and the country report on the draft guidelines on sustainability by the Dutch ACM. In the articles section you can find a reflection on the rights of defence, access to the file and fairness in competition procedures based on Case C‑607/18 P and a discussion of the legal effects of soft law in the decisions of National Competition Authorities with a case study on the practice of the Bundeskartellamt. Get updated on national developments: Read the detailed analysis of these recent judgments of the Court of Justice and the General Court: Issue 4/2020 of CoRe also brings you a book review of Miguel Sousa Ferro’s Market Definition in EU Competition Law

View the whole table of content of CoRe 4 /2020: Here Become an author for CoRe and view our Call for Papers.
21. August 2020

CoRe 03/2020

Issue 3/2020 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) is out! The articles in this issue discuss a variety of up-to-date topics: the challenges of estimating reasonable prices for access to digital platforms’ data, an analysis of the Italian Covid-19-related measures in the technology, media and telecoms (TMT) sector, and an assessment of the Dutch leniency programme on the occasion of its 18th birthday. The country reports cover developments in: Four CJEU judgments are analysed in the case notes section: Also in issue 3/2020: reviews of the books Fidelity Rebates in Competition Law: Application of the ‘As Efficient Competitor’ Test and Electronic Communications, Audiovisual Services and the Internet: EU Competition Law and Regulation; find out which was the most post on the CoRe Blog over the last months and read its updated version in the blog highlight.  

Become an author for CoRe and view our Call for Papers.
10. June 2020

CoRe 2/2020 – Covid-19 Grips the Competition Agenda

Issue 2/2020 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) is now available! The corona crisis has not spared the world of EU competition law. Find out about Covid-19’s effects on EU economic law in a detailed article and about the pandemic’s disruptive impact at Member State level in the country reports on Bulgaria and Poland. Beyond corona analysis, CoRe 2/2020 offers an informative article on parallel enforcement of global cartels. Also in this issue, a rich country reports section with national competition law updates:   Read the detailed annotation of the CJEU’s ruling on: CoRe 2/2020 also includes two book reviews (“Antitrust Procedural Fairness” and “Competition Law of the EU and UK”) and for the first time in the journal – a methodological case study in competition policy research.

Become an author for CoRe and view our Call for Papers.
17. February 2020

CoRe Issue 1/2020 – Gearing Up for a Happening Year?

Issue 1/2020 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) is out! In the articles section you can find: an assessment of the remedy ordered in the Google Shopping decision with special attention to its possible impact on the development of vertical search engine markets; an examination of the efficiency of the EU’s leniency policy from 1985 until 2017 from a quantitative perspective.

Stay informed on the recent trends from the Member States with our reports on:   Issue 1/2020 also features three case annotations on:   Also in the first issue of CoRe for this year: conference proceedings, book reviews and a highlight from the CoRe Blog.  

View all contributions >>>full content<<<.  
26. November 2019

CoRe 4/2019 – Rethinking EU Competition Law

The final issue for 2019 of CoRe – European Competition and Regulatory Law Review is now available! At a time when the suitability of EU competition law for the digital era is being questioned, CoRe’s Articles section explores key elements of the procedural and evidential framework. Read analyses on: revaluing the role of intent evidence in EU antitrust, the balance between effectiveness and fundamental rights in Art 101 TFEU, the role of Commission and NCAs decisions in antitrust damages cases, and the public interest in EU and US merger control.

Stay informed on the recent trends from the Member States with our reports on: Issue 4/2019 also features two case annotations on:  

  View the whole content in the shop: VIEW NOW.
24. September 2019

CoRe 3/2019 – Getting Procedural Matters Right

The authors in this edition’s Articles section demonstrate that often in EU competition law the devil is in the detail. You can find an analysis of recent case law on the rejection of competition law complaints; read why the current legal framework is ill-suited to prevent anticompetitive behaviour by commercial divisions of public entities; and find out what are some procedural obstacles to cross-border mergers in the EU, particularly harmful in high-tech markets. Get informed about the latest developments at the national level with our country reports on: Issue 3/2019 also brings you expert analysis of important recent judgments:

  View the whole content in the shop: VIEW NOW.  
3. July 2019

CoRe 2/2019 – Competition Authorities in Action

Issue 2/2019 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) is out! The protagonists in this edition of the journal are national competition authorities (NCAs).

In the Articles section, you will find a detailed analysis how the ECN+ Directive is empowering NCAs and the perspective of the German Bundeskartellamt in the evaluation of Facebook's behavior. That precedent-setting Facebook decision at the crossroads of data protection and competition law is also assessed in the Reports section. Additional country reports show the variety of issues that NCAs handle: fuel sector inquiries (Bulgaria), merger control changes for the digital economy (UK), and whether signalling in the media is the new price fixing (Norway). We round up the issue with 2 annotations of judgments by the Court of Justice (C-633/16 EY v Konkurrencerådet and C-144/17 Lloyd’s of London v Arpacal) and 2 insightful book reviews.


View the whole issue here: CoRe 2/19.  
19. March 2019

CoRe 1/2019 – Hub and spoke cartels, roaming charges and the Energy Community

Issue 1/2019 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) offers the classic ‘CoRe mix’ of competition and regulatory topics like: the incentives, mechanisms and stability of hub and spoke cartels, the challenges for the operators of the EU regulatory framework on mobile roaming charges, and the implementation of the EU energy and competition law acquis in Montenegro under the Energy Community Treaty. Also in this issue you can find country reports from: as well annotations on the Commission decisions Gazprom and ISU. Tip: for those of you who weren’t able to join us at the 2nd CoRe Conference ‘Competition Policy and Online Markets’ last October, you can catch up on some of the highlights in this edition of the journal.

View all articles of CoRe 1/2019.
30. November 2018

CoRe 4/2018 – The Diverse World of EU Competition Law

The diversity of topics in the final edition of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) for 2018 is representative of the wide-ranging issues in the world of EU competition law over the past year. In CoRe 4/2018 you can find articles on: the SSNIP Test and Zero-Pricing where Daniel Mandrescu examines the complexities of defining the relevant market in (future) cases involving online platforms; András Tóth discusses how national competition authorities can more easily and rapidly adapt to a fast-changing world; and in Hospital Mergers and the Incorporation of Non-Competition Concerns, Nicole Rosenboom explores how public interest concerns such as affordability, quality of care, and access to care can be taken into account in the assessment of hospital mergers.  Also in this issue: report on the new European Commission proposal for a Directive on Unfair Practices in the Food Supply Chain, national updates from: and an insightful analysis of the General Court’s judgment in T-419/14 Goldman Sachs. October, you can catch up on some of the highlights in this edition of the journal.

View all articles of CoRe 4/2018.
4. October 2018

CoRe3 /2018 – Challenges of the Online World

The Online World and Its Challenges to Competition and Regulatory Frameworks is the focus of the new issue 3/2018 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe). This special issue, developed together with the European University Institute (EUI), offers insightful articles on topics such as: the paradox of discretionary competition law, updating the ECN for the challenges of the online world, and freedom of expression and ISP liability in the Digital Single Market. Also in CoRe 3/2018: reports from case annotation of the General Court’s T-194/13 UPS v Commission and book reviews.

View all article of CoRe 3/2018.  
5. July 2018

CoRe 2/2018 is out now!

The new issue CoRe 2/2018 is out now and in the articles section you will find a comparative analysis of the scope of antitrust law in South Korea, EU and US, a comprehensive assessment of the EU regulatory framework for access to the postal network and a critical view of the EU’s approach in assessing fixed/mobile mergers in the telecoms sector. Also in the issue: country reports from
an annotation on the CJEU’s C-179/16 F. Hoffmann-La Roche case, and two insightful book reviews.

View all articles of CoRe 2/2018.
6. April 2018

Issue 1/2018 – Digital Economy and EU Competition Rules

Issue 1/2018 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) is out! The digital economy and its interplay with EU competition rules take centre stage in the Articles section of this edition. Read more about: the 2017 Facebook investigations in the EU by competition, consumer and data protection authorities; the interaction of Big Data and Artificial Intelligence and its antitrust implications; vertical restraints and their impact on online distribution networks. As always, CoRe also offers up-to-date country reports, in this issue from Austria, Finland and Norway, analysis of recent European judgments (C-230/16 Coty Germany, C-248/16 Austria Asphalt, and C-547/16 Gasorba) and reviews of interesting new books on competition law.
View all articles of CoRe 1/2018.

Do you want to make your contribution freely available to the public?

This journal offers the option to publish open access (OA). Contributions published under the OA policy must still successfully pass peer review in accordance with the journal’s Author Guidelines (view them under the section ‚For authors‘ on this website). The standard Open access fee for CoRe is 890,00 € per contribution. If you have any questions please get in touch with our colleagues at info@lexxion.eu.

Read some of the open access contributions for free here:


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CoRe 1/2022 11.02.2022 17.01.2022
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CoRe 3/2022 16.08.2022 18.07.2022
CoRe 4/2022 29.11.2022 01.11.2022

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