European State Aid Law

EStAL was established in 2002 by Lexxion Publisher as a high-level forum for open dialogue and reflection on State aid law and policy. Unique in its field, this double-blind peer-reviewed journal congregates a diverse array of experts: academics, judges, economists, lawyers, Commission and Member State officials, consultants and private practitioners, all find in this leading journal legal and economic analysis of the highest calibre, concise and detailed information, balanced opinions and outstanding research on State aid in the EU. Our discerning and engaged readership has counted on the expertise and acumen found in our pages to enhance their professional activities for over 15 years.
State aid has been a central concept in law and economics since the very inception of modern European integration; already present in the 1951 Paris treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community, State aid control still plays a fundamental role in EU law and policy, and both internal and external markets. Together with the WTO regime, State aid in the EU is the most developed system of regulation of subsidies in the world.

Comprehensive Summer Course on State Aid

23.09.2019 - 26.09.2019 | Venice

Join Lexxion's Event in Venice

This Summer Course provides you with a comprehensive overview of the essential State aid regulations and equips you with a practical toolbox for the assessment of State aid and design of public measures compatible with the Internal Market.

The participants will be actively involved. The sessions will combine lectures, case studies, practical exercises and interactive discussion on practical problems. You will have ample opportunities to present your own problematic issues and discuss them with the speakers and participants from other countries. Social activities in the evenings provide a perfect opportunity for informal networking. more

New Blog Post: Individual Beneficiaries & Revision of the GBER

This week’s article by Prof Phedon Nicolaides deals with two issues: possible defence against repayment of incompatible State aid (case C-505/18, Copebi v Établissement national des produits de l’agriculture et de la mer) and the forthcoming revision of the GBER.


Read the full blog post now HERE.



View all articles of EStAL 2/19 here.

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New Issue 2/19 of EStAL is out now

This issue of the European State Aid Law Quarterly brings expert contributions from the leading minds in the field. We present an analysis of the Ten Years of State Aid to Financial Institutions, take a look at State Aid and Access to Sport and its implications to VAT, and enrich the debate over The Controversy About the Burden of Proof in MEOP Cases. In the Opinions section, we feature a proposal for the Private Enforcement of EU State Aid Law drawn from the antitrust regime.

See our quarterly Summary of all State Aid Jurisprudence for a quick overview of the judicial activity from the CJEU in the first three months of 2019.

This issue also brings detailed analytic Case Annotations on the following major judgments:

Our News from the Member States section has the latest developments in Belgium, Croatia, Finland, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain, Ukraine.

Enjoy reading!

Lexxion event brochure Autumn | Winter 2019 now available



Lexxion’s  Events offers the opportunity to meet high-level experts and engage with the European community to exchange best practices and disseminate knowledge on highest standards.


Download our Brochure for more information >>

EU State Aid Law for Waste Management and Infrastructure

29.10.2019 - 30.10.2019 | Brussels

Significant progress has been achieved in reducing the impacts of waste generation on the environment and human health. Key challenges relate to moving beyond the perception of “waste as a problem” to “waste as a resource”. This means reducing levels of waste generation and align waste management objectives with those of the circular economy.

As part of its Circular Economy Action Plan the European Commission also adopted a package of legislative proposals on waste management. What are the challenges and opportunities of this new plan? How to encourage waste prevention and communal recycling initiatives? How to identify appropriate State aid schemes for projects in the waste management sector?

With a special focus on best practices and practical case studies, this course will provide you with innovative solutions and hands-on examples on how to deal with State aid in waste management and waste infrastructure. more

ISBN: 978-3-86965-338-9
Language: English; 334 Pages
Form: Paperback
Year of publication: 2019

State Aid Uncovered

Critical Analysis of Developments in State Aid 2018


State Aid Uncovered is now in its sixth volume, bringing analysis of the
main developments in the field of State aid in 2018.
Prof. Nicolaides identifies the major State aid judgments and Decisions
of the year, as well as new rules and legislation, critically analysing their
most salient features. Among them are the perennial issue of distinguishing
economic and non-economic activities, public authorities claiming to
be acting as private investors, the evolution of the concept of selectivity, and
(in)compatibility with the internal market.

>>order now<<

EStALI Autumn Conference 2019

28.11.2019 - 29.11.2019 | Brussels

Join Lexxion's Event in Brussels.

The Autumn Conference offers a platform to discuss and exchange on current developments in EU State aid law. Expert panels and fictitious case studies with leading practitioners invite participants to get actively involved in the debates, exchange experiences and receive guidance on particular questions and cases. A great networking opportunity! more


EStAL – European State Aid Law Quarterly

Events | European State Aid Law

Lexxion training was established in response to an increasing demand from European Member States for trainings with a practical approach.

Together with Prof. Phedon Nicolaides, academic director of Lexxion training, we decided to create a training center for practictioners who implement European regulations in their daily practice.

Our aim is to support public administration in the implementation of European policies on cohesion and regional economic development. This goal is achieved through practice-oriented trainings, which are designed in close cooperation with the European Commission and national authorities and run by reputable European experts. This enables us to focus on the most current European topics and to adapt our trainings to actual needs of the Member States.

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Milestones in State Aid Case Law – EStAL’s First 15 Years in Perspective

State Aid Uncovered 2018

State Aid Uncovered 2017

State Aid Uncovered 2016

State Aid Uncovered 2015

State Aid Uncovered 2014



European State Aid Law im Web

If you are interested, please use our Newletter to stay informed about our upcoming conferences, workshops, trainings and current published journals in our core areas of EU competition, data protection, substances and environmental law, as well as exciting new projects in emerging technologies and digitalisation.

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