European State Aid Law

EStAL was established in 2002 by Lexxion Publisher as a high-level forum for open dialogue and reflection on State aid law and policy. Unique in its field, this double-blind peer-reviewed journal congregates a diverse array of experts: academics, judges, economists, lawyers, Commission and Member State officials, consultants and private practitioners, all find in this leading journal legal and economic analysis of the highest calibre, concise and detailed information, balanced opinions and outstanding research on State aid in the EU. Our discerning and engaged readership has counted on the expertise and acumen found in our pages to enhance their professional activities for over 15 years.

State aid has been a central concept in law and economics since the very inception of modern European integration; already present in the 1951 Paris treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community, State aid control still plays a fundamental role in EU law and policy, and both internal and external markets. Together with the WTO regime, State aid in the EU is the most developed system of regulation of subsidies in the world.

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Summer Course on the Concept & Principles of State Aid

24.08.2021 - 27.08.2021 | Rome

Summer Course on the Concept & Principles of State Aid

This Summer Course provides you with a comprehensive overview of the essential State aid regulations and equips you with a practical “toolbox” for the assessment of State aid and design of public measures compatible with the Internal Market. The event… more

State Aid Requirements for SGEI

13.09.2021 - 14.09.2021 | Milan

State Aid Requirements for SGEI

As the link between State Aid Law and the provision of Service of general economic interest (SGEI) causes uncertainty among public authorities as they face a conflict of interests, this Lexxion Training Hybrid helps you to get acquainted with the… more

New publication: State Aid Uncovered 2020 by Prof Phedon Nicolaides

All blog posts by Prof Phedon Nicolaides of 2020 completely revised, rearranged and grouped into chapters – the must-have for anyone working in State aid issues!

This edition also includes a handy index of all CJEU and Commission cases that are mentioned in the book.

Order your hardcopy or e-book now!

408 pages
ISBN: 978-3-86965-367-9
Berlin, 2021

Order hardcopy € 48,-
Order e-book € 38,40

Is Anyone who is Affected by State Aid an “Interested Party” that can Challenge a Commission Decision?

This week’s article reviews two recent judgments: one on the status of “interest party” and another on the obligations of the Commission when it opens the formal investigation procedure.

>>> Read the full blog post now


EStAL – European State Aid Law Quarterly

Phedon Nicolaides

State Aid Uncovered Blog

Opinions by Phedon Nicolaides

On a weekly basis Phedon Nicolaides posts critical analysis pieces on the latest State aid judgments and decisions on his blog State Aid Uncovered. Each article presents the main points of a court ruling or Commission‘s decision, places them in the context of similar case law or practice, assesses the underlying reasoning, and identifies any inconsistencies or contradictions.
Occasional guest blog posts by other State aid experts complement the State aid knowledge hub.

Join the debate now!

To the blog Submit your guest blog post

Events | European State Aid Law

Lexxion training was established in response to an increasing demand from European Member States for trainings with a practical approach.

Together with Prof. Phedon Nicolaides, academic director of Lexxion training, we decided to create a training center for practictioners who implement European regulations in their daily practice.

Our aim is to support public administration in the implementation of European policies on cohesion and regional economic development. This goal is achieved through practice-oriented trainings, which are designed in close cooperation with the European Commission and national authorities and run by reputable European experts. This enables us to focus on the most current European topics and to adapt our trainings to actual needs of the Member States.

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State Aid Uncovered 2019

Milestones in State Aid Case Law – EStAL’s First 15 Years in Perspective

State Aid Uncovered 2018

State Aid Uncovered 2017

State Aid Uncovered 2016

State Aid Uncovered 2015

State Aid Uncovered 2014



European State Aid Law im Web

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