European State Aid Law

EStAL was established in 2002 by Lexxion Publisher as a high-level forum for open dialogue and reflection on State aid law and policy. Unique in its field, this double-blind peer-reviewed journal congregates a diverse array of experts: academics, judges, economists, lawyers, Commission and Member State officials, consultants and private practitioners, all find in this leading journal legal and economic analysis of the highest calibre, concise and detailed information, balanced opinions and outstanding research on State aid in the EU. Our discerning and engaged readership has counted on the expertise and acumen found in our pages to enhance their professional activities for over 15 years.
State aid has been a central concept in law and economics since the very inception of modern European integration; already present in the 1951 Paris treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community, State aid control still plays a fundamental role in EU law and policy, and both internal and external markets. Together with the WTO regime, State aid in the EU is the most developed system of regulation of subsidies in the world.

Join our Summer Events




Lexxion’s Summer Events offers the opportunity to meet high-level experts and engage with the European community to exchange best practices and disseminate knowledge on highest standards.



Download our Brochure for more information >>

State Aid for Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Areas (2019)

29.04.2019 - 30.04.2019 | Brussels

Brussels Lexxion State Aid Agriculture Forestry

Advanced Training on Regulation and Best Practice for National Funding, EAFRD and Financial Instruments more

ISBN: 978-3-86965-338-9
Language: English; 334 Pages
Form: Paperback
Year of publication: 2019

State Aid Uncovered

Critical Analysis of Developments in State Aid 2018


State Aid Uncovered is now in its sixth volume, bringing analysis of the
main developments in the field of State aid in 2018.
Prof. Nicolaides identifies the major State aid judgments and Decisions
of the year, as well as new rules and legislation, critically analysing their
most salient features. Among them are the perennial issue of distinguishing
economic and non-economic activities, public authorities claiming to
be acting as private investors, the evolution of the concept of selectivity, and
(in)compatibility with the internal market.

>>order now<<

State Aid Assessment and Evaluation (2019)

06.05.2019 - 07.05.2019 | Brussels

Lexxion Brussels

In this 2-day intensive training, our experts will examine the concept of assessment and evaluation of State aid measures and present examples on how to apply various methodologies to your projects. more

EStALI Interactive Forum on EU State Aid Law (2019)

06.06.2019 - 07.06.2019 | Vienna

Vienna Lexxion EStALI

Day 1: Workshop | Day 2: Forum

The Interactive Forum offers a platform to discuss and exchange on current developments in EU State aid law. Expert panels and fictitious case studies with leading practitioners invite participants to get actively involved in the debates, exchange experiences and receive guidance on particular questions and cases. A great networking opportunity! more

Who can grant State aid? by Phedon Nicolaides

EU State Aid Law for Energy and Environment

27.06.2019 - 28.06.2019 | Brussels

Lexxion Brussels State Aid Research

The EU environmental and energy aid guidelines have been fundamentally revised and extended.

In the programming period 2014-2020 the focus is more than ever on investments in sustainable energy in order to achieve the EU2020 targets. That is not only the shift towards a low-carbon economy in all sectors. But also a strong emphasis on renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE), resulting in almost a doubling of investment amounts in sustainable energy over 2014-2020.

Compliance with EU State aid rules is of crucial importance and still remains challenging for State aid practitioners for the simple reaon that the field of energy and environment are very complex. The revised Environmental and Energy Guidelines (EEAG) have strengthened the authorities’ approach to assess whether State aid exists or is compatible with the EU internal market. Since the scope of the guidelines has been extended to the energy field, it now includes measures related to energy infrastructure projects, generation adequacy measures and energy intensive users. Furthermore, the General Block Exemption Regulation (GBER), by which a huge number of measures are covered, has considerably been altered.

5 Questions to our Trainings’ Chair more

Summer Master Class – “State Aid Uncovered” with Prof. Dr. Phedon Nicolaides (2019)

02.07.2019 - 03.07.2019 | Amsterdam

Amsterdam Lexxion

The State Aid Master Class is especially designed for State aid experts, who would like to deepen their knowledge into the latest developments and judgements and discuss their own State aid cases. more


EStAL – European State Aid Law Quarterly

Events | European State Aid Law

Lexxion training was established in response to an increasing demand from European Member States for trainings with a practical approach.

Together with Prof. Phedon Nicolaides, academic director of Lexxion training, we decided to create a training center for practictioners who implement European regulations in their daily practice.

Our aim is to support public administration in the implementation of European policies on cohesion and regional economic development. This goal is achieved through practice-oriented trainings, which are designed in close cooperation with the European Commission and national authorities and run by reputable European experts. This enables us to focus on the most current European topics and to adapt our trainings to actual needs of the Member States.

Verpassen Sie kein

Neuigkeiten abonnieren


Milestones in State Aid Case Law – EStAL’s First 15 Years in Perspective

State Aid Uncovered 2018

State Aid Uncovered 2017

State Aid Uncovered 2016

State Aid Uncovered 2015

State Aid Uncovered 2014



European State Aid Law im Web

If you are interested, please use our Newletter to stay informed about our upcoming conferences, workshops, trainings and current published journals in our core areas of  EU competition, data protection, substances and environmental law, as well as exciting new projects in emerging technologies and digitalisation.

Don’t miss any news and sign up for our free news alert.  sign up now